PMID: 8746601Nov 1, 1995Paper

Diet and exercise intervention have favourable effects on blood pressure in mild hypertensives: the Oslo Diet and Exercise Study (ODES)

Blood Pressure
S A AnderssenI Hjermann

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 1-year diet intervention, exercise intervention and both combined on blood pressure (BP) in normotensives and mild hypertensives. Two hundred and nineteen sedentary middle aged men and women with slightly deranged coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors were randomised to a control, a diet, an exercise and a diet + exercise group. Based on baseline diastolic BP, participants were divided into tertiles, giving baseline average BP of 141.4/96.7 in tertile 1, 130.7/87.6 in tertile 2 and 121.9/79.0 in tertile 3. The 1-year net-difference in BP between the intervention groups and the control group decreased across the tertiles; in tertile 1 being -11.2/-6.7 (p < 0.05), -11.3/-6.7 (p < 0.05 for systolic BP only) and -7.0/-5.1 (NS) in the combined, diet and exercise group respectively. Triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and insulin variables were significantly and favourably changed, the changes being most marked in the combined group. The results show that diet and diet + exercise are about equally effective in reducing BP, and the effects may be dependent on the baseline level. Within the upper tertile of baseline BP, the decline in BP in the combined intervention and the die...Continue Reading

References

May 1, 1992·Journal of Clinical Epidemiology·B Arroll, R Beaglehole
Oct 16, 1991·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·J A BlumenthalM Appelbaum
Aug 19, 1989·BMJ : British Medical Journal·A BerglundB Fagerberg
May 1, 1988·Journal of Applied Physiology·D S KingJ O Holloszy
Jul 1, 1988·The American Journal of Cardiology·S P FortmannP D Wood
Oct 1, 1994·Sports Medicine·R J Barnard, S J Wen
Sep 1, 1993·Annals of Epidemiology·D G Simons-MortonP S Allender
Aug 11, 1993·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·J D NeatonR McDonald

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 3, 2011·Current Hypertension Reports·Annie Ferland, Robert H Eckel
Jan 16, 2010·Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension·Roberto FogariGiuseppe Derosa
Jun 22, 2007·Nature Clinical Practice. Endocrinology & Metabolism·Victoria A Catenacci, Holly R Wyatt
Feb 4, 2010·Journal of Hypertension·Nora StraznickyUNKNOWN Australian, New Zealand Obesity Society
Sep 14, 2007·Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal : SCJ·Anne HjelstuenTor Ole Klemsdal
Jul 15, 2004·Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association·A AvenellW C S Smith
Feb 3, 2006·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·B K Pedersen, B Saltin
Jun 14, 2005·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·Christian A Drevon
Nov 6, 2010·Journal of Obesity·Riccardo Dalle GraveGiulio Marchesini
Sep 18, 2008·Angiology·Fabio ManfrediniRoberto Manfredini
Feb 20, 2004·Journal of Human Hypertension·B WilliamsUNKNOWN British Hypertension Society
Mar 5, 2016·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Thomas SemlitschAndrea Siebenhofer
Aug 8, 2015·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Lee HooperC Murray Skeaff
Jun 13, 2015·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Lee HooperGeorge Davey Smith
May 18, 2012·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Lee HooperGeorge Davey Smith
Feb 20, 2004·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·L HooperS Ebrahim
May 20, 2020·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Lee HooperAsmaa S Abdelhamid
Jun 2, 2020·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Lee HooperC Murray Skeaff
Aug 23, 2020·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Lee HooperAsmaa S Abdelhamid
Sep 26, 2020·Journal of the American Heart Association·Jinming FuYashuang Zhao
Dec 11, 1999·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·R H Fagard
Dec 11, 1999·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·M L Stefanick
Aug 15, 2003·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·R L ThompsonS Ebrahim
Jun 28, 2001·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·R H Fagard
Feb 7, 2001·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·J E ReselandC A Drevon
Nov 10, 2007·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Merethe H Rokling-AndersenChristian A Drevon
Feb 9, 2021·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Thomas SemlitschAndrea Siebenhofer

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.