Difference absorption spectra, circular dichroism, and disulfide cleavage of hen and turkey lysozymes in the alkaline pH region

Journal of Biochemistry
S Kuramitsu, K Hamaguchi

Abstract

The difference absorption spectra of hen and turkey lysozymes in the alkaline pH region had three maxima at around 245, 292, and 300 nm and had no isosbestic points. The ratio of the extinction difference at 245 nm to that at 295 nm changed with pH. These spectral features are quite different from those observed when only tyrosyl residues are ionized, and it was impossible to determine precisely the pK values of the tyrosyl residues in lysozyme by spectrophotometric titration. A time-dependent spectral change was observed above about pH 12. This is not due to exposure of a buried tyrosyl residue on alkali denaturation. The disulfide bonds and the peptide bonds in the lysozyme molecule were cleaved by alkali above about pH 11. The intrinsic pK value of Tyr 23 of hen lysozyme was determined to be 10.24 (apparent pK 9.8) at 0.1 ionic strength and 25 degrees C from the CD titration data. Comparison of the CD titration of turkey lysozyme with that of hen lysozyme suggested that Tyr 3 and Tyr 23 in turkey lysozyme have apparent pK values of 11.9 and 9.8, respectively.

Citations

Sep 17, 2013·Chemical Communications : Chem Comm·Yong YuJianping Xie
Nov 21, 2009·Protein Engineering, Design & Selection : PEDS·Ri-Bo HuangKuo-Chen Chou

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Circular Dichroism, Vibrational
Disulfides
Egg Whites
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Leftose
Protein Conformation
Protein Denaturation
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
Meleagridinae

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