Differences between psychoacoustic and frequency following response measures of distortion tone level and masking

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Hedwig E GockelRobert P Carlyon


The scalp-recorded frequency following response (FFR) in humans was measured for a 244-Hz pure tone at a range of input levels and for complex tones containing harmonics 2-4 of a 300-Hz fundamental, but shifted by ±56 Hz. The effective magnitude of the cubic difference tone (CDT) and the quadratic difference tone (QDT, at F(2)-F(1)) in the FFR for the complex was estimated by comparing the magnitude spectrum of the FFR at the distortion product (DP) frequency with that for the pure tone. The effective DP levels in the FFR were higher than those commonly estimated in psychophysical experiments, indicating contributions to the DP in the FFR in addition to the audible propagated component. A low-frequency narrowband noise masker reduced the magnitude of FFR responses to the CDT but also to primary components over a wide range of frequencies. The results indicate that audible DPs may contribute very little to the DPs observed in the FFR and that using a narrowband noise for the purpose of masking audible DPs can have undesired effects on the FFR over a wide frequency range. The results are consistent with the notion that broadly tuned mechanisms central to the auditory nerve strongly influence the FFR.


Feb 1, 1975·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·J T MarshJ C Smith
Nov 1, 1975·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·J C SmithW S Brown
Jan 1, 1976·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·E M GlaserA Goldberg
Dec 1, 1979·Hearing Research·E Zwicker
Jan 1, 1977·Scandinavian Audiology·F Huis in't VeldK Terkildsen
Mar 1, 1976·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Roy D Patterson
Jun 29, 1992·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·E D YoungH F Voigt
Feb 1, 1992·Journal of Speech and Hearing Research·M E ChertoffR Goldstein
Jun 1, 1991·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·M D RickmanK E Hecox
Sep 1, 1990·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·E Zwicker, O Martner
Jul 1, 1988·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·M FurstP M Zurek
Jan 1, 1972·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·J T MarshF G Worden
Jun 1, 1972·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·T Houtgast
Feb 1, 1974·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·T J BuunenG van den Brink
Mar 1, 1967·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·J L Goldstein
Feb 1, 1984·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·B R GlasbergI Nimmo-Smith
Jul 1, 1994·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·G C Galbraith
Jan 20, 1999·Audiology & Neuro-otology·Ananthanarayan Krishnan
Feb 25, 2003·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Torsten Dau
May 1, 1956·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery·C J BROWN
Apr 3, 2004·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Lutz Wiegrebe, Ray Meddis
May 4, 2004·Journal of the American Academy of Audiology·Pritesh K Pandya, Ananthanarayan Krishnan
Jun 29, 2004·Hearing Research·Shaum P Bhagat, Craig A Champlin
Jun 7, 2005·Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research·Ananthanarayan KrishnanPeter Cariani
Aug 31, 2006·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Hedwig E GockelRobert P Carlyon
Jun 6, 2008·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·D Timothy Ives, Roy D Patterson
Jun 19, 2008·Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology·N M RussoNina Kraus
Sep 4, 2008·Hearing Research·Steven J Aiken, Terence W Picton
Apr 10, 2009·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Andrew J OxenhamMichael V Keebler
Jan 20, 2010·Ear and Hearing·Erika Skoe, Nina Kraus
Sep 30, 2010·Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO·Samuele Carcagno, Christopher J Plack
Dec 21, 2010·Hearing Research·Ananthanarayan Krishnan, Christopher J Plack
Jan 18, 2011·Hearing Research·Brian C J Moore, Hedwig E Gockel
Aug 10, 2011·Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO·Hedwig E GockelChristopher J Plack
Apr 7, 2012·IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering : a Publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society·Simeon A BamfordPaolo Del Giudice


Jul 15, 2015·Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO·Hedwig E GockelRobert P Carlyon
Aug 14, 2013·Hearing Research·Christopher J PlackDeborah A Hall
Feb 1, 2015·Hearing Research·Oliver Bones, Christopher J Plack

Related Concepts

Acoustic Stimulation
Audiometry, Bekesy
Cochlear Nerve
Noise Pollution
Perceptual Distortions
Perceptual Masking
Pitch Perception
Reaction Time

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.