DOI: 10.1101/487488Dec 4, 2018Paper

Differences in high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation over the motor hotspot versus the premotor cortex on motor network excitability

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Stephanie LefebvreYonggang Shi

Abstract

The effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) placed over the motor hotspot (thought to represent the primary motor cortex (M1)) to modulate motor network excitability is highly variable. The premotor cortex, particularly the dorsal premotor cortex (PMd), may be a promising alternative target to more effectively modulate motor excitability, as it influences motor control across multiple pathways, one independent of M1 and one with direct, modulating connections to M1. This double-blind, placebo-controlled study aimed to differentially excite motor and premotor regions using high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS) with concurrent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). HD-tDCS applied over either the motor hotspot or the premotor cortex demonstrated high inter-individual variability in changes on cortical motor excitability. However, HD-tDCS over the premotor cortex led to a higher number of responders and greater changes in local fMRI-based complexity than HD-tDCS over the motor hotspot. Furthermore, an analysis of individual motor hotspot anatomical locations revealed that, in more than half of the participants, the motor hotspot is not located over anatomical M1 boundaries, despite using a canonical definit...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Double-Blind Method
Macrophage
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Site
Local
Premotor Cortex
Respondents
FMRI
Modulated
Biological Neural Networks

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