Jul 1, 2016

Differences in perceived severity of Zika virus infection and dengue fever and its influence on mosquito control practices in Malaysia, a dengue-endemic country

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Li Ping WongSazaly AbuBakar

Abstract

Background: It is important to study the concerns over the Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak among the general public in dengue-endemic countries such as Malaysia, as both diseases are transmitted by the same vector species. Furthermore, investigation of public prevention measures for ZIKV is essential in order to identify the gaps in mosquito control practices. The aims of this study were to explore the differences in 1) the perception of severity towards ZIKV infection and dengue fever, and 2) mosquito control practices before and after the ZIKV outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Method: Data were collected between February 2015 and May 2016 using a computer-assisted telephone interviewing system on a random sample of 567 people from the general Malaysian population aged above 18 years from randomly selected households. Results: The median scale score for perceived severity of ZIKV was 3 (interquartile range [IQR] 1-5) versus 4 (IQR 3-5) for dengue (P<0.001). The majority perceived dengue as being more severe than ZIKV (41.6%). Having friends or acquaintances that had died from dengue was significantly associated with higher perceived severity of ZIKV than dengue (odds ratio [OR] 1.913 ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Dengue Fever
Study
Persons
Evaluation
Participant
Prophylactic Treatment
Public Entity
Species
Disease Vectors
Dengue fever vaccine

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