Jun 2, 2006

Differences in sensitivity of cultured rat brain neuronal and glial cytochrome P450 2E1 to ethanol

Life Sciences
Nidhi KapoorDevendra Parmar

Abstract

The expression of the cytochrome P450s (CYPs) may vary in the different brain cells depending on their specialization and the presence of different endogenous factors. The present study was initiated to investigate the expression and catalytic activity of the constitutive and inducible forms of CYP2E1, the major ethanol inducible CYP, in cultured rat brain neuronal and glial cells. These cells exhibited relatively two-fold higher activity of N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylase (NDMA-d) when compared with the liver enzyme. Pretreatment with ethanol revealed a significant time and concentration dependent induction in NDMA-d activity in both cell types. Western blot, immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR also indicated significant induction of CYP2E1 in the cultured brain cells. Interestingly, the neuronal cells exhibited greater magnitude of induction than the glial cells. The relatively higher degree of induction in cultures of neurons has indicated enhanced sensitivity of neurons to the inductive effects of ethanol. This enhanced induction of CYP2E1 in neuronal cells has indicated that like regional specificity, cell specificity also exists in the induction of CYP2E1 and other CYPs.

  • References23
  • Citations20

References

  • References23
  • Citations20

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Immunofluorescence Assay
Ethanol
Acrylamide
Glycerin
Immunoreactivity
Ethanol Measurement
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Pellet Formation
Microsomes

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