Jan 14, 2017

Differences in the accumulation and tissue distribution of Pb, Cd, and Cu in Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) exposed to single, binary, and ternary metal mixtures

Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
José A García-NavarroDiego Romero


Heavy metals often accumulate in complex mixtures in the environment and are currently a source of concern in many marine ecosystems. Pb, Cd, and Cu are regarded as priority hazardous metals due to their great persistence, bioaccumulation, and toxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the tissue accumulation and distribution of these heavy metals in Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) exposed to binary and ternary mixtures of metals as opposed to only single exposures. Heavy metal concentrations in the digestive gland, gills, and the other soft tissues were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), and the distribution of each metal was analyzed according to compartments. The concentrations of Pb, Cd, and Cu increased significantly in the group exposed to the ternary mixture; however, there was no common response pattern to exposure in single and binary mixtures. Above all, the metals concentrated in the digestive gland, although the percentages of each element varied between compartments and varied between tissues according to the treatment.

  • References10
  • Citations2


  • References10
  • Citations2


Mentioned in this Paper

isobutyl-2-(trimethylammonia)ethyl phosphate
Metals, Heavy
Mytilus galloprovincialis
Landfill Leachate

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