Differences in the induction of macrophage cytotoxicity by the specific T lymphocyte factor, specific macrophage arming factor (SMAF), and the lymphokine, macrophage activating factor (MAF)

J W de GrootW den Otter


Specific T cell factors, such as specific macrophage arming factor (SMAF), are involved in the initiation of the immune response. Induction of SMAF-producing T lymphocytes in vivo and of SMAF production by T lymphocytes in vitro is dependent on the presence of intact tumor cells, and is independent of antigen presentation by macrophages. SMAF renders peritoneal macrophages cytotoxic for tumor cells. The armed peritoneal macrophages expressed a specific cytotoxicity. However, antigen-presenting cells can trigger lymphokine-producing T lymphocytes. These T lymphocytes produce lymphokines (e.g. macrophage activating factor (MAF] that activate macrophages. The MAF-activated macrophages express a non-specific tumoricidal activity. In the present study, we investigated the difference in the induction of macrophage cytotoxicity by SMAF and MAF. The following differences were found: 1) SMAF renders peritoneal resident macrophages cytotoxic, whereas MAF could only render peritoneal exudate macrophages cytotoxic. 2) SMAF requires only a 4-h incubation with macrophages, whereas MAF activates macrophages optimally after 12 h. 3) SMAF-armed macrophages recognize only the specific target cell(s), and thus, the cytotoxicity is specific in its...Continue Reading


Feb 21, 2002·Journal of Controlled Release : Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society·Fakhrul AhsanAna I Torres Suarez
Jan 1, 1989·Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy : CII·R A de WegerW den Otter
Jan 1, 1993·Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology·D Lovens-De GraefN Schaaf-Lafontaine

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