Mar 30, 2020

Biochemical profile and bioactive potential of wild folk medicinal plants of Zygophyllaceae from Balochistan, Pakistan.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Randolph F HelfrichTill R Schneider

Abstract

Recent focus is on analysis of biological activities of extracts from plant species. Zygophyllaceae is exceedingly important angiosperm family with many taxa being used in folk medicines widely dispersed in arid and semi-arid zones of Balochistan, Pakistan. Only a small proportion of them have been scientifically analyzed and many species are nearly facing extinction. Therefore present investigation explores the biochemical and bioactive potential of fourteen folk medicinal plants usually used for treatments of different ailments. Fresh aerial parts of nine taxa and two fruit samples were collected from plants growing in arid and semi-arid zones of Balochistan and analyzed for enzymatic, non-enzymatic and other biochemical activities. Higher phytochemical activities were detected in the aerial parts. Superoxide dismutase was detected maximum in Fagonia indica, (184.7{+/-}5.17 units/g), ascorbate peroxidase in Tribulus longipetalus subsp. longipetalus (947.5{+/-}12.5 Units/g), catalase and peroxidase was higher in Peganum harmala (555.0{+/-}5.0 and 2597.8{+/-}0.4 units/g respectively). Maximum esterase and alpha amylase activity was found in Zygophyllum fabago (14.3{+/-}0.44 and 140{+/-}18.8 mg/g respectively). Flavonoid content...Continue Reading

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