Different responses to beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs of the blood pressure and heart rate in the urethane-anesthetized dog and rat

Japanese Journal of Pharmacology
N Himori, T Ishimori


I.v. propranolol (Prop) produced sustained pressor responses in rats but not in dogs under urethane anesthesia. In the dogs there was a progressive reduction in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in accordance with a significant heart rate (HR) reduction. Even at the i.v. dose (5 mg/kg) where vasoconstrictor response to i.v. norepinephrine (NE) is changed to the vasodilator one in rats, phenoxybenzamine could not completely suppress the NE-induced vasoconstriction in dogs. In pithed dogs, unlike pithed rats, i.v. Prop augmented neither sympathetic nerve stimulation- nor i.v. epinephrine (Epi)-induced pressor responses. Urethane anesthesia brought much higher concentrations in plasma Epi and NE in the dog than in the rat. In comparison with their respective values under the conscious state, SBP and HR of the dog were higher and those of the rat were lower under urethane anesthesia. As in urethane-anesthetized dogs, i.v. Prop elicited remarkable HR reduction accompanied by progressive hypotension in coronary-ligated rats with high sympathetic activity. Thus the reason for the absence of pressor response to beta-receptor blockage in the dog may be due to less functional significance of beta 2-adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation in deter...Continue Reading


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