Aug 6, 2014

Different tradeoffs result from alternate genetic adaptations to a common environment

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Alejandra Rodríguez-VerdugoAlbert F Bennett

Abstract

Fitness tradeoffs are often assumed by evolutionary theory, yet little is known about the frequency of fitness tradeoffs during stress adaptation. Even less is known about the genetic factors that confer these tradeoffs and whether alternative adaptive mutations yield contrasting tradeoff dynamics. We addressed these issues using 114 clones of Escherichia coli that were evolved independently for 2,000 generations under thermal stress (42.2 °C). For each clone, we measured their fitness relative to the ancestral clone at 37 °C and 20 °C. Tradeoffs were common at 37 °C but more prevalent at 20 °C, where 56% of clones were outperformed by the ancestor. We also characterized the upper and lower thermal boundaries of each clone. All clones shifted their upper boundary to at least 45 °C; roughly half increased their lower niche boundary concomitantly, representing a shift of thermal niche. The remaining clones expanded their thermal niche by increasing their upper limit without a commensurate increase of lower limit. We associated these niche dynamics with genotypes and confirmed associations by engineering single mutations in the rpoB gene, which encodes the beta subunit of RNA polymerase, and the rho gene, which encodes a terminati...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations33

References

  • References20
  • Citations33

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
RHO gene
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerase
RNA Polymerase Assembly Pathway
Acclimatization
Transcription, Genetic
Contrast Used
Adaptation
Rho Gene (Procedure)

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.