PMID: 6198312Dec 1, 1983Paper

Differential cytotoxicity of cis-platinum and blenoxane against human carcinoma KBE cells in multicellular spheroids of different ages: response at different temperatures

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
M L MeltzT C Pomeroy

Abstract

Human KBE epidermoid carcinoma cells were reproducibly grown in suspension as multicellular spheroids (MCS). Initial aggregation at 48 hours is followed by a rapid diameter increase until day 10. The size increase then continues with daily refeedings, under the growth conditions used, but at a slower rate. When cells are treated in MCS with either blenoxane (bleomycin) or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cis-platinum), the survival of cells (by cloning efficiency (CE) essay) varied from that of surface attached (SA) cells. The survival was dependent on the age of the MCS as well as their size; the age response was significantly different for cis-platinum and blenoxane. Hyperthermic incubation of KBE cells in MCS at different ages for 1 hour (40-43 degrees C) resulted in cell killing similar to that observed after hyperthermic incubation of surface attached cells. In combined hyperthermia/chemotherapy experiments, simultaneous treatment with blenoxane resulted in little or no increase in MCS cell toxicity at 40 degrees C; at 42.5 degrees C, there was increased toxicity. The increase in toxicity was similar for MCS of different ages. Upon simultaneous cis-platinum treatment, an increase in toxicity was observed at 40 degrees C,...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 1, 1987·Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology·W Mueller-Klieser

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