Differential effect of halide anions on the hydrolysis of different dansyl substrates by thermolysin

Biochemistry
J J YangH E Van Wart

Abstract

The effect of sodium halide salts on the hydrolysis of three of the dansyl (Dns) peptide substrates described in the previous paper (Yang & Van Wart, 1994) by thermolysin have been studied. Increasing concentrations of sodium chloride decrease the KM value for the hydrolysis of the tripeptides Dns-Gly-Phe-Ala and Dns-Ala-Phe-Ala but leave kcat unaltered. This kinetic behavior is described by a nonessential activation mechanism in which chloride binds preferentially to the enzyme-substrate complex. Similar trends are found for the sodium bromide and fluoride salts. In contrast, sodium chloride decreases both KM and kcat almost equally for the hydrolysis of Dns-Ala-Ala-Phe-Ala, leaving kcat/KM unchanged. Thus, chloride is an uncompetitive inhibitor of this substrate. Molecular modeling studies have been carried out in order to explain the effect of chloride on the binding of these dansyl peptides. The decrease in KM for the hydrolysis of all three substrates is attributed to an interaction of chloride with Arg-203 located in the active site to stabilize the enzyme-substrate complexes. The differential effect of chloride on the kcat values for the hydrolysis of the dansyl tripeptides vs dansyl tetrapeptide is related to difference...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Dansyl Compounds
Substrate Specificity
Polypeptides
Thermolysin
Hydrolysis
Sodium Compounds, Inorganic
Anions

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