Apr 17, 2019

Differential Expression of Wilms' Tumor Protein in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Sulgi LeeJavad Nazarian

Abstract

Diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas (DIPGs) are deadly tumors comprising 10%-15% of all childhood CNS cancers. Standard treatment is considered palliative and prognosis is near universal mortality. DIPGs have been classified into genomic subtypes based on histone variants with the lysine to methionine mutation on position 27 of histone tails (K27M). Given the increasing promise of immunotherapy, there have been ongoing efforts to identify tumor-specific antigens to serve as immunologic targets. We evaluated a large cohort of CNS specimens for Wilms' tumor protein (WT1) expression. These specimens include primary pediatric CNS tumors (n = 38 midline gliomas and n = 3 non-midline gliomas; n = 23 DIPG, n = 10 low-grade gliomas, n = 8 high-grade gliomas), and DIPG primary cells. Here, we report the validation of WT1 as a tumor-associated antigen in DIPGs. We further report that WT1 expression is significantly correlated with specific oncohistone variants, with the highest expression detected in the H3.3K27M subgroup. WT1 expression was absent in all control specimens (n = 21). Western blot assays using DIPG primary cells (n = 6) showed a trend of higher WT1 expression in H3.3K27M cells when compared with H3.1 K27M cells and H3 wildty...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Positioning Attribute
Bacterium H3
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
Neoplasms
WT1
Dipinacoline glutamate
Western Blot
Antigens
WT1 protein, human
Protein Isoforms

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