Jun 19, 2012

Differential functional effects of biomaterials on dendritic cell maturation

Acta Biomaterialia
Jaehyung Park, Julia E Babensee

Abstract

The immunological outcome of dendritic cell (DC) treatment with different biomaterials was assessed to demonstrate the range of DC phenotypes induced by biomaterials commonly used in combination products. Immature DCs (iDCs) were derived from human peripheral blood monocytes, and treated with different biomaterial films of alginate, agarose, chitosan, hyaluronic acid (HA), or 75:25 poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and a comprehensive battery of phenotypic functional outcomes was assessed. Different levels of functional changes in DC phenotype were observed depending on the type of biomaterial films used to treat the DCs. Treatment of DCs with PLGA or chitosan films supported DC maturation, with higher levels of DC allostimulatory capacity, pro-inflammatory cytokine release, and expression of CD80, CD86, CD83, HLA-DQ and CD44 compared with iDCs, and lower endocytic ability compared with iDCs. Alginate film induced pro-inflammatory cytokine release from DCs at levels higher than from iDCs. Dendritic cells treated with HA film expressed lower levels of CD40, CD80, CD86 and HLA-DR compared with iDCs. They also exhibited lower endocytic ability and CD44 expression than iDCs, possibly due to an insolubilized (cross-linked) form o...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathologic Cytolysis
Alginate
CD80 Antigens
Immune Response
Ultraviolet Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Flow Cytometry
CD86 gene
Necrosis
Ethanol
T-Lymphocyte

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