Apr 28, 2020

Sorting nexin-27 regulates AMPA receptor trafficking through the synaptic adhesion protein LRFN2

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kirsty J McMillanP. J. Cullen

Abstract

The endosome-associated cargo adaptor sorting nexin-27 (SNX27) is linked to various neuropathologies through sorting of integral proteins to the synaptic surface, most notably AMPA receptors. To provide a broader view of SNX27-associated pathologies we have performed unbiased proteomics to identify new neuronal SNX27-dependent cargoes, and identified proteins linked to excitotoxicity (SLC1A3, SLC4A7, SLC6A11), epilepsy, intellectual disabilities and working memory deficits (KCNT2, ADAM22, KIDINS220, LRFN2). Focusing on the synaptic adhesion molecule leucine-rich repeat and fibronectin type-III domain-containing protein 2 (LRFN2), we establish that SNX27 binds to LRFN2 and is responsible for regulating its endosomal sorting. LRFN2 associates with AMPA receptors and knockdown of LRFN2 phenocopies SNX27 depletion in decreasing surface expression of AMPA receptors, reducing synaptic activity and attenuating hippocampal long-term potentiation. Our evidence suggests that, in contrast to previous reports, SNX27 does not directly bind to AMPA receptors, and instead controls AMPA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission and plasticity indirectly through the endosomal sorting of LRFN2. Overall, our study provides new molecular insight int...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

SUL2 protein, S cerevisiae
Genes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae allergenic extract
SUL1
Environment
Sulfur
Chimera Organism
Gene Deletion
Yeasts
Promoter

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