Differential phase partition of a PICS complex is required for piRNA processing and chromosome segregation in C. elegans

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Chenming ZengShouhong Guang

Abstract

Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) play significant roles in suppressing transposons and non-self nucleic acids, maintaining genome integrity, defending against viral infections, and are essential for fertility in a variety of organisms. In C. elegans, most piRNA precursors are transcribed by RNA polymerase II in the nucleus and are subjected to a number of processing and maturation steps. However, the biogenesis of piRNAs are still not fully understood. We used functional proteomics to study piRNA biogenesis in C. elegans and identified a PICS complex that is required for piRNA processing and chromosome segregation. The PICS complex contains two known piRNA biogenesis factors TOFU-6 and PID-1, and three new proteins PICS-1, TOST-1, and ERH-2, which exhibit dynamic localization among different subcellular compartments. In the germline of gravid animals, the PICS complex contains TOFU-6/PICS-1/ERH-2/PID-1 and largely concentrate at the perinuclear granule zone and engages in piRNA processing. During early embryogenesis, the TOFU-6/PICS-1/ERH-2/TOST-1 complex accumulates in the nucleus and play essential roles in chromosome segregation and cell division. Interestingly, the function of these factors in mediating chromosome segregation...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cell Division
Cell Nucleus
Chromosomes
Embryonic Development
Fertility
Genome
Nucleic Acids
Phenindione
RNA
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerase

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