Jun 25, 1976

Differential reactivity of the two active site cysteine residues generated on reduction of pig heart lipoamide dehydrogenase

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
C Thorpe, C H Williams


Reduction of the active center disulfide bond in the flavoprotein pig heart lipoamide dehydrogenase generates two sulfur moieties which are chemically inequivalent in the 2-electron reduced form of the enzyme. Thus 1 cysteine residue is at least 13-fold more reactive than its partner toward iodoacetamide at pH 7.6. This selectivity was demonstrated by reaction of the 2-electron reduced enzyme with a low concentration of iodo[1-14C]acetamide under anaerobic conditions. The formation of a monolabeled derivative is accompanied by the reappearance of a spectrum of oxidized bound flavin, clearly different from that of the native enzyme. Alkylation of the remaining cysteine residues with iodo[12C]acetamide enabled the isolation of a tryptic version of the active center disulfide peptide. A single chymotryptic cleavage between the 2 alkylated cysteine residues generated a cationic and an anionic fragment containing 7% and 93% of the radioactivity of the purified tryptic peptide, respectively. The monolabeled derivative is catalytically inactive toward reduced or oxidized lipoamide, but is approximately 2-fold better as a transhydrogenase than the native protein using NADH and acetylpyridine adenine dinucleotide as substrates. Anaerobi...Continue Reading

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