May 1, 1994

Differential regulation of folate receptor isoforms in normal and malignant tissues in vivo and in established cell lines. Physiologic and clinical implications

J F RossM Ratnam


Despite significant differences in ligand binding between the two known isoforms of the human membrane folate receptor (FR), designated herein as FR-beta (placenta) and FR-alpha (placenta, KB cells), little is known about their tissue specificities, and there is no report on the relative expression of FR-beta in any tissue other than in placenta. The mRNA for each FR isoform in a wide variety of normal fetal and adult tissue explants, primary normal cell cultures, malignant tumor explants, and established tumor cell lines was estimated by a polymerase chain reaction assay. Total receptor levels were estimated by a [3H] folic acid binding assay. Both the FR isoforms were expressed in fetal as well as adult tissues. Normal tissues generally expressed low to moderate amounts of FR-beta. FR-alpha alone was expressed in normal epithelial cells and was frequently strikingly elevated in a variety of carcinomas, with the exception of squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. In contrast, a variety of malignant tissues of nonepithelial origin generally expressed elevated levels of FR-beta alone. Established tumor cell lines expressed FR-alpha virtually alone and did not reflect FR expression patterns in vivo. KB cells and JEG-3 cel...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Fetal Structures
Antineoplastic Agents
Adenine Polynucleotides
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Malignant Mixed Tumor

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