PMID: 37070Apr 1, 1979

Differential selectivity of several barbiturates on experimental seizures and neurotoxicity in the mouse

A RainesM B Gilbert


Six barbiturates with diverse time-action characteristics--thiopental, pentobarbital, butabarbital, phenobarbital, diphenylbarbiturate, and barbital--were evaluated for "anticonvulsant" and "neurotoxic" effects. For the former, the MES test, clonic seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol, 90 mg/kg, s.c., and maximal seizures produced by pentylenetetrazol, 200 mg/kg, s.c., were employed. For the latter, we used a rotorod technique. Time to peak activity in the MES test was employed as the time for other tests. Pentobarbital required at least neurotoxic doses to produce substantial "anticonvulsant" activity, its protective index ranging from 0.79 to 0.98 in the three tests. Among the drugs tested, phenobarbital and diphenylbarbiturate exhibited the most favorable protective indices, ranging from 2.71 to 3.41 for phenobarbital and from 3.85 to 5.0 for diphenylbarbiturate. Barbital, another drug with a prolonged duration of action, exhibited a range from 0.84 to 2.81. Although a prolonged duration of action is an important characteristic for antiepileptic activity, this property does not confer per se a favorable protective index.


Aug 1, 1989·Neuropharmacology·S L Peterson
Jan 1, 1982·Progress in Neurobiology·J A Richter, J R Holtman
Sep 1, 1995·Pediatric Neurology·H KinoshitaK Sugai
Feb 1, 2007·Movement Disorders : Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society·Calvin MelmedHoward Rutman
Dec 12, 2012·Epilepsia·Wolfgang Löscher, Michael A Rogawski
Jan 1, 1991·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·E B Evans, R L Balster
Apr 27, 2017·Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care·Susan Blades Golubovic, John H Rossmeisl
Mar 30, 1987·Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology·D C ReesR L Balster
Jan 1, 1982·Urologic Radiology·A T Rosenfield

Related Concepts

Veronal brand of barbital
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Foley-Denny-Brown Syndrome
Non-epileptic Convulsion

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.