PMID: 6708721Mar 19, 1984

Differential serotonin responses in the skeletal muscle microcirculation

Life Sciences
F R WilmothF N Miller


Closed circuit television microscopy was used to quantitate in vivo responses of small vessels in the rat cremaster muscle to topically applied serotonin. Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with a combination of urethane (800 mg/kg) and alpha-chloralose (60 mg/kg). The cremaster muscle with intact circulation and innervation was suspended in a bath which had controlled pH, pCO2, and pO2. Microvascular diameters of first order arterioles and venules and fourth-order arterioles were measured from the television monitor while serotonin (10(-9)M-10(-4)M) was added to the bath. Fourth-order arterioles (3-11 micron diameter) dilated to a maximum of 267% of their control value with a serotonin concentration of 10(-6)M. Serotonin (10(-4)M) constricted first-order arterioles (78-121 micron) to 61% of their control value. The threshold concentration (10(-8)M) for a serotonin-induced dilation of fourth-order arterioles was 1000 fold less than the threshold concentration (10(-5)M) for serotonin-induced constriction of first-order arterioles. Serotonin (10(-8)M - 10(-4)M) did not alter the diameter of first-order venules (115-195 micron) from the control value. The dose-dependent constriction of first-order arterioles and dose-dependent ...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

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