Nov 17, 2006

Differential slow inactivation and use-dependent inhibition of Nav1.8 channels contribute to distinct firing properties in IB4+ and IB4- DRG neurons

Journal of Neurophysiology
Jin-Sung ChoiStephen G Waxman


Nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons can be classified into nonpeptidergic IB(4)(+) and peptidergic IB(4)(-) subtypes, which terminate in different layers in dorsal horn and transmit pain along different ascending pathways, and display different firing properties. Voltage-gated, tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Na(v)1.8 channels are expressed in both IB(4)(+) and IB(4)(-) cells and produce most of the current underlying the depolarizing phase of action potential (AP). Slow inactivation of TTX-R channels has been shown to regulate repetitive DRG neuron firing behavior. We show in this study that use-dependent reduction of Na(v)1.8 current in IB(4)(+) neurons is significantly stronger than that in IB(4)(-) neurons, although voltage dependency of activation and steady-state inactivation are not different. The time constant for entry of Na(v)1.8 into slow inactivation in IB(4)(+) neurons is significantly faster and more Na(v)1.8 enter the slow inactivation state than in IB(4)(-) neurons. In addition, recovery from slow inactivation of Na(v)1.8 in IB(4)(+) neurons is slower than that in IB(4)(-) neurons. Using current-clamp recording, we demonstrate a significantly higher current threshold for generation of APs and a longer ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Structure of Posterior Gray Horn of Spinal Cord
Action Potentials
PDZK1 gene
Entire Spinal Nerve Ganglion
ZMYM2 wt Allele
DTL gene
Clamping Activity

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