Differential susceptibility to gentamicin ototoxicity between albino and pigmented guinea pigs

Hearing Research
J W ConleeD J Creel

Abstract

The known chemical affinity of melanin pigment for aminoglycoside antibiotics has led to the suggestion that higher concentrations of these drugs will bind to the pigmented inner ear and produce greater ototoxicity compared to the nonpigmented albino cochlea. Although this has provided a compelling hypothesis, results from the few investigations to address this question have been equivocal. In the present study, cochlear microphonic (CM) thresholds were recorded from albino and pigmented guinea pigs both before and two weeks after exposure for 14 consecutive days to 100 mg/Kg gentamicin. Cochleae were dissected and half-turn segments prepared for surface examination of the organ of Corti. After gentamicin exposure, threshold shifts averaged a statistically reliable 33 dB in albinos and 19 dB for the pigmented animals. Anatomical studies revealed a significant 44% mean outer hair cell loss in albinos compared to a 21% loss in the pigmented inner ears. The results showed that albinos display greater ototoxicity from gentamicin than do pigmented guinea pigs. Aminoglycosides are known to exert toxicity through interaction with polyphosphoinositides found in high concentrations in the inner ear. Cochleae in both albino and pigmented...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Albinism
Aminoglycoside [EPC]
Exertion
Gentavet
Gentamicins
Aminoglycosides
Cavia
Gentacycol
Allomelanins
Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates

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Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

Aminoglycosides (ASM)

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