PMID: 98785Jul 6, 1978

Differential tolerance to pentobarbital in rats bred for differences in alcohol sensitivity

E P RileyE X Freed


Two lines of rats bred for differences in motor impairment following alcohol treatment were also found to be differentially affected by sodium pentobarbital in three experiments. The most affected (MA) animals, bred for sensitivity to alcohol, showed a decrement in stabilimeter activity at doses of 8 mg and 16 mg pentobarbital per kg body weight. The least affected (LA) animals, bred for insensivity to alcohol, were affected only by the higher dose, at which the resulting impairment was still less than that of the MA group. This finding was partially replicated in a second study designed to test the possibility of an activating effect of pentobarbital on LA animals at 8 mg/kg. In a final study, MA animals were more likely to lose their righting reflex than LA animals at a dose of 18 mg/kg, and 'slept' longer following this dose. These results indicate that the differential sensitivity shown by these animals is not specific to alcohol, but can be generalized to another depressant.


Jan 1, 1980·Psychopharmacology·N R Shapiro, E P Riley
May 1, 1989·Brain Research Bulletin·T D McIntyre, H P Alpern
Mar 1, 1991·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·M Uusi-Oukari, E R Korpi

Related Concepts

Drug Tolerance
Postural Balance
Reflex Action
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Rats, Laboratory

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.