May 30, 2015

Differentiation of blood T cells: Reprogramming human induced pluripotent stem cells into neuronal cells

Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
Ping-Hsing TsaiMing-Teh Chen

Abstract

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) morphologically and functionally resemble human embryonic stem cells, which presents the opportunity to use patient-specific somatic cells for disease modeling and drug screening. In order to take one step closer to clinical applications, it is important to generate iPSCs through a less invasive approach and from any accessible tissue, including peripheral blood. Meanwhile, how to differentiate blood cell-derived iPSCs into neuron-like cells is still unclear. We utilized Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen-1-based episomal vectors, a nonviral system that can reprogram somatic cells into iPSCs in both feeder-dependent and feeder-free conditions, to generate iPSCs from T cells via electroporation and then induce them into neuronal cells. We successfully isolated sufficient T cells from 20 mL peripheral blood of the donors and reprogrammed these T cells into iPSCs within 4 weeks. These iPSCs could be stably passaged to at least 50 passages, and exhibited the abilities of pluripotency and multiple-lineage differentiation. Notably, under the medium induction for 21 days, these T-cell-derived iPSCs could be differentiated into Nestin (neural progenitor marker)-, GFAP (glial cell marker)-, and MAP...Continue Reading

  • References32
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Monoclonal Antibodies
Immunofluorescence Assay
T-Lymphocyte
NCAM1
Heparin
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Pluripotent Stem Cells
CD34

Related Feeds

Astrocytes

Astrocytes are glial cells that support the blood-brain barrier, facilitate neurotransmission, provide nutrients to neurons, and help repair damaged nervous tissues. Here is the latest research.

Cell Fate Conversion By mRNA

mRNA-based technology is being studied as a potential technology that could be used to reprogram cell fate. This technique provides the potential to generate safe reprogrammed cells that can be used for clinical applications. Here is the latest research on cell fate conversion by mRNA.