Jun 1, 1989

Differentiation of second messenger systems in mast cell activation

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J R White, D Zembryki


Pretreatment of rat peritoneal mast cells with either Staurosporine or an analog K-252a, lead to a dose-related inhibition of histamine release when stimulated with Anti-IgE (IC50: Staurosporine = 110 nM; K-252a = 100 nM). In contrast, the two PKC inhibitors (1-1000 nM) failed to inhibit histamine release induced by compound 48/80 (0.5-1 micrograms/ml). Exposure of Anti-Asc-IgE sensitized mouse bone marrow derived mast cells to Asc-BSA lead to the release of both histamine (510 ng +/- 12.6 ng/10(6) cells) and immunoreactive Leukotriene C4 (27.0 +/- 12.6 ng/10(6) cells). LTC4 release was inhibited by Staurosporine and K-252a with an IC50 of 75 nM for both compounds. Pretreatment of rat peritoneal mast cells with PMA 100 nM lead to a small but significant release of histamine (18.3 +/- 3.6%). Pretreatment of these cells with K-252a or Staurosporine lead to a dose related inhibition of histamine release with an ED50 of 10 nM for Staurosporine and 60 nM for K-252a. Treatment of rat peritoneal mast cells with the calcium ionophore A23187 lead to a significant release of histamine which was not inhibited by either of the two kinase inhibitors (0.1-1000 nM). The two kinase inhibitors also inhibited mouse bone marrow derived mast cell ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Anti-Immunoglobulin E antibody
Plant alkaloid
Mast Cell
Second messenger
Indole Alkaloids
Immunoglobulin E
Cell Division Phases

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