Difficult extubation in low birthweight infants

Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Anne Greenough, M Prendergast

Abstract

Randomised trials have demonstrated that ventilation techniques which support every spontaneous breath are the most efficacious weaning modes. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure after extubation reduces the likelihood of incidents leading to the need for reintubation in very low birthweight infants; further work is needed to determine if there are advantages of particular delivery techniques. Both methylxanthines and dexamethasone facilitate weaning and extubation; the efficacy of low-dose dexamethasone merits further investigation. Assessments of the efficacy of respiratory efforts and hence the balance of respiratory drive, muscle performance and respiratory load appear to best predict weaning and extubation success. Essential to the success of weaning and extubation are dedicated staff, whether this will be assisted by computerised decision-making tools requires testing. The above approaches are not mutually exclusive and those indicated by this review as appropriately evidence based should be considered by practitioners for current use to reduce difficult/unsuccessful extubation.

Citations

Mar 10, 2009·European Journal of Pediatrics·Zainab KassimGerrard F Rafferty
Sep 29, 2011·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·Camilla GizziRocco Agostino
May 15, 2012·Anales de pediatría : publicación oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)·UNKNOWN Grupo Respiratorio y Surfactante de la Sociedad Española de Neonatología
Aug 2, 2015·European Journal of Pediatrics·Yue YinDavid A Todd
Dec 30, 2017·Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine·Corrie J Alonzo, Karen D Fairchild
Jul 19, 2008·Journal of Applied Physiology·Nathalie SamsonJean-Paul Praud

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
F Feihl, C Perret
Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
G DimitriouGerrard F Rafferty
Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
S K Sinha, Steven M Donn
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved