Dec 15, 1977

Diffusion and partitioning of a pesticide, lindane, into phosphatidylcholine bilayers. A new fluorescence quenching method to study chlorinated hydrocarbon-membrane interactions

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
J R LakowiczG Omann


Chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as the pesticide lindane (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane), quench the fluorescence of carbazole. The observed quenching is a result of the molecular contacts which occur upon diffusional collisions. Because the amount of quenching depends upon the collisional frequency between carbazole and pesticide, this phenomenon provides a measure of both the diffusional rate of lindane and its local concentration. The carbazole fluorophore is localized within phosphatidylcholine bilayers by cosonicating the lipid with a newly synthesized phospholipid, beta-(11-(9-carbazole)-undecanoyl)-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine. Using this probe in dimyristoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine vesicles, and the above mentioned quenching phenomena, we determined the lindane diffusion rate within the bilayer to be 5.7.10-7 cm2/s at 37 degrees C. Measurement of the apparent quenching constant at various dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine concentrations yielded a lipid-water partition coefficient for lindane of 9500, which is in agreement with the value of 8980 obtained by our equilibrium dialysis experiments. Vesicles of dimyristoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine become saturated with lindane at a pesticide to lipid molar ratio of approx. 0...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Membrane
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Molar Tooth

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Autism: Motor Learning

A common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the impairment of motor control and learning, consistent with perturbation in cerebellar function. Find the latest research on ASD and motor learning here.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

Protein Localization in Disease & Therapy

Localization of proteins is critical for ensuring the correct location for physiological functioning. If an error occurs, diseases such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative disorders and cancers can present. Therapies are being explored to target this mislocalization. Here is the latest research on protein localization in disease and therapy.

Genetic Screens in Bacteria

Genetic screens can provide important information on gene function as well as the molecular events that underlie a biological process or pathway. Here is the latest research on genetic screens in bacteria.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.