Sep 10, 1976

Digestion of native collagen, denatured collagen, and collagen fragments by extracts of rat liver lysosomes

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
J W CoffeyR A Salvador

Abstract

Extracts of highly purified lysosomes from rat liver were examined for their ability to degrade native collagen and thermally denatured collagen at pH values between 3.5 and 7.0. After a 24-h digestion at 36 degrees with the lysosomal extract at a pH of 5.5 or lower (collagen/lysosomal protein; 2/1 or 8/1), both native and denatured collagen were degraded to an extent equivalent to 60 to 70% of that observed upon total acid hydrolysis in 6 N HCl as measured by the ninhydrin reaction (570 nm). At a pH of 6.0, native collagen and denatured collagen were degraded by the mixture of lysosomal proteinases to 11% and 40% of total acid hydrolysis, respectively. At pH 6.5 AND 7.0, the corresponding values were 3% versus 33% and 0.3% versus 11%, respectively. Fragments of collagen (TCA and TCB) are produced when mammalian collagenase degrades native collagen at 25 degrees. These fragments were degraded by the lysosomal extract at 36 degrees to an extent equivalent to 28% and 8% of total acid hydrolysis at pH 6.5 and 7.0, respectively. The experiments at pH 6.5 and 7.0 were done using a collagen/lysosomal protein ratio of 2/1. At pH 5.0 (a pH which is found within secondary lysosomes), the lysosomal extracts degraded collagen to a mixture...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ninhydrin
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Peptide Hydrolases
Endopeptidases
Zyderm
Hydroxyproline Measurement
Peptide Fragments
Lysosomes
Digestion
Collagen Location

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