Digital Transformations and the Challenges of Higher Education Institutions

Nino Papachashvili

Abstract

This work aims to identify the challenges of Higher Education Institutions against the increasing digitalization. The first part of the work reviews Industry 4.0, analyses recent scientific works to demonstrate how the technological changes and especially the development of Information and Communication Technologies causes the future of jobs. Fourth Industrial Revolution creates the general foundation for the activities of nowadays; the platform economy is gaining strength; digital transformation with the advent of big data, digital literacy, and data literacy is becoming increasingly essential. To prepare students for their future work is the direct responsibility of Higher Education Institutions. The second part of this work is devoted to the challenges of the education system, focusing on the Higher Education Institutions. Desk research is conducted to analyze what changes will bring the ongoing process and how these institutions should respond to the challenges of digitalization. The contribution of this paper is to develop the conceptual design of responding measures to the digitalization taken by Higher Education Institutions.

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