Jul 1, 1994

Digitization requirements in mammography: effects on computer-aided detection of microcalcifications

Medical Physics
Heang-Ping ChanD D Adler

Abstract

We have developed a computerized method for detection of microcalcifications on digitized mammograms. The program has achieved an accuracy that can detect subtle microcalcifications which may potentially be missed by radiologists. In this study, we evaluated the dependence of the detection accuracy on the pixel size and pixel depth of the digitized mammograms. The mammograms were digitized with a laser film scanner at a pixel size of 0.035 mm x0.035 mm and 12-bit gray levels. Digitization with larger pixel sizes or fewer number of bits was simulated by averaging adjacent pixels or by eliminating the least significant bits, respectively. The SNR enhancement filter and the signal-extraction criteria in the computer program were adjusted to maximize the accuracy of signal detection for each pixel size. The overall detection accuracy was compared using the free response receiver operating characteristic curves. The results indicate that the detection accuracy decreases significantly as the pixel size increases from 0.035 mm x 0.035 mm to 0.07 mm x 0.07 mm (P < 0.007) and from 0.07 mm x 0.07 mm to 0.105 mm x 0.105 mm (P < 0.002). The detection accuracy is essentially independent of pixel depth from 12 to 9 bits and decreases signifi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Endocrine Breast Diseases
Computer Assisted Diagnosis
Mammography, Female
Biophysical Phenomena
Microcalcification
Mechanobiology
Digital Radiography
Technology, Radiologic
Tumoral Calcinosis

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