PMID: 11584886Oct 5, 2001Paper

Dimensions of care for dementia sufferers in long-term care institutions: are they related to outcomes?

The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Neena L Chappell, R C Reid

Abstract

This study empirically examined whether dimensions of care cluster in special care units (SCUs) compared with non-SCUs. The relationship between SCU status plus separate measures of the dimensions of care and outcomes for dementia sufferers was then investigated. Data were drawn from the Intermediate Care Facility Project. The sample (N = 510) included residents with dementia, aged 65 and older, in intermediate care facilities throughout the province of British Columbia. Canada. Longitudinal data included 6 outcomes: cognitive function, behavioral problems of agitation and social skills, physical functioning, and quality of life measured through affect and expressive language skills. Separate multiple linear regression equations were estimated, relating each of these outcomes to 5 dimensions of care: preadmission and admission procedures. staff training and education, nonuse of physical and chemical restraints, flexible care routines and resident-relevant activities, and the environment. The results showed there is virtually no clustering of dimensions along SCU/non-SCU lines. Neither SCU status nor the individual dimensions were highly predictive of outcomes. Residents' affect at t1 emerged as a characteristic that was signifi...Continue Reading

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