Dimer formation of bromocresol purple anions on the phosphorylated intermediate of sarcoplasmic reticulum

Journal of Biochemistry
Y Nakamaru


The mechanism of spectral shift and absorption intensity change of the divalent bromocresol purple (BCP) anion was further investigated and it was characterized as a spectrophotometric membrane probe. At high concentrations (1-40 mM), the absorption intensity of th BCP anion at 590 nm (monomer band) decreased markedly with increase of the dye concentration, while another absorption band appeared at 554 nm. Analysis of the change of absorption intensity showed that the mared decrease resulted from dimer formation of BCP (polymer formation at concentrations higher than 20 mM). Wavelengths of maximum absorption (lambdamax) of the BCP anion were determined in various solvents and comparison of these lambdamax's with lambdamax of the BCP anion bound to SR showed that the hydrophobicity of the area of BCP anion binding to SR corresponded to a refractive index of 1.429. While the BCP anion bound to SR showed a monomer spectrum, a dimer band appeared for the BCP anion bound to SR-Pi (phosphorylated protein) with a marked decrease in the absorption intensity at the monomer band, indicating that two polar groups, binding sites for the BCP anions, closely approached each other in the SR-Pi configuration.

Related Concepts

Bromcresol Purple
Tissue Membrane
Organopyrophosphorus Compounds
Chinchilla Rabbits
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum

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