Dinosaurs and the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution

Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Graeme T LloydMichael J Benton


The observed diversity of dinosaurs reached its highest peak during the mid- and Late Cretaceous, the 50 Myr that preceded their extinction, and yet this explosion of dinosaur diversity may be explained largely by sampling bias. It has long been debated whether dinosaurs were part of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution (KTR), from 125-80 Myr ago, when flowering plants, herbivorous and social insects, squamates, birds and mammals all underwent a rapid expansion. Although an apparent explosion of dinosaur diversity occurred in the mid-Cretaceous, coinciding with the emergence of new groups (e.g. neoceratopsians, ankylosaurid ankylosaurs, hadrosaurids and pachycephalosaurs), results from the first quantitative study of diversification applied to a new supertree of dinosaurs show that this apparent burst in dinosaurian diversity in the last 18 Myr of the Cretaceous is a sampling artefact. Indeed, major diversification shifts occurred largely in the first one-third of the group's history. Despite the appearance of new clades of medium to large herbivores and carnivores later in dinosaur history, these new originations do not correspond to significant diversification shifts. Instead, the overall geometry of the Cretaceous part of t...Continue Reading


Aug 1, 1996·Computer Applications in the Biosciences : CABIOS·R D Page
Jun 26, 1999·Science·P C Sereno
Jul 9, 1999·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Olaf R P Bininda-EmondsAndy Purvis
Feb 17, 2000·Nature·Michael J BentonR Hitchin
Jun 22, 2000·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·D Dilcher
Jun 28, 2000·Bioinformatics·Joseph L Thorley, R D Page
Apr 24, 2001·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·A B Smith
May 17, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J AlroyA Webber
Sep 25, 2001·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Paul M Barrett, K J Willis
Mar 29, 2002·Nature·Shanan E Peters, Michael Foote
May 25, 2002·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Davide PisaniMichael J Benton
Sep 18, 2004·Bioinformatics·Chris Creevey, James O McInerney
Dec 2, 2004·Bioinformatics·Kai M A Chan, Brian R Moore
Feb 12, 2005·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Toby M R FountaineRobert L Nudds
Jul 14, 2005·Systematic Biology·Mark WilkinsonJoseph L Thorley
Aug 30, 2005·Systematic Biology·Olaf R P Bininda-EmondsAndy Purvis
Oct 26, 2005·Systematic Biology·Mark WilkinsonIan Corfe
Nov 19, 2005·Science·Vandana PrasadAshok Sahni
Jan 13, 2006·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Kate E JonesJohn L Gittleman
Sep 7, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Steve C Wang, Peter Dodson
Mar 30, 2007·Nature·Olaf R P Bininda-EmondsAndy Purvis
May 17, 2007·Molecular Biology and Evolution·Davide PisaniJames O McInerney
Jun 30, 2007·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Félix ForestJulie A Hawkins
Sep 8, 2007·Science·Alan H TurnerMark A Norell
Sep 22, 1972·Science·D M Raup
Oct 11, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Marcello RutaMichael J Benton


Nov 23, 2013·Nature Communications·Lindsay E Zanno, Peter J Makovicky
Nov 1, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jonathan S MitchellKenneth D Angielczyk
Dec 14, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Nicholas R LongrichJacques A Gauthier
May 15, 2012·Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine·Armond S Goldman
May 12, 2011·Integrative and Comparative Biology·Geerat J Vermeij, Richard K Grosberg
Sep 25, 2008·Biology Letters·Stephen L BrusatteGraeme T Lloyd
May 1, 2009·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Paul M BarrettVictoria Page
Sep 3, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·James E TarverMichael J Benton
Jun 11, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Manabu Sakamoto
Oct 12, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Stephen L BrusatteRichard J Butler
Aug 16, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Marcello RutaMichael J Benton
Aug 16, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Roger B J Benson, Jonah N Choiniere
Oct 4, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·David M Grossnickle, P David Polly
Oct 29, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Michael J Benton
Nov 10, 2009·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Max C LangerFernando E Novas
Jan 22, 2011·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·P Martin SanderUlrich Witzel
Sep 11, 2012·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Howard V Cornell
Apr 29, 2010·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Robert B DavisPeter J Mayhew
Apr 10, 2010·BMC Research Notes·Katie E Davis, Jon Hill
Apr 4, 2014·Systematic Biology·Christopher WhiddenRobert G Beiko
Feb 19, 2016·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Jonathan P TennantGregory D Price
Oct 7, 2015·Current Biology : CB·Pincelli Hull
Oct 2, 2015·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Juan L CantalapiedraJorge Morales
Oct 22, 2014·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Gael J KergoatFabien L Condamine
Jan 23, 2014·Global Change Biology·Christy M McCain, Sarah R B King
Mar 26, 2016·Frontiers in Plant Science·Briardo LlorenteManuel Rodríguez-Concepción
Mar 16, 2016·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Jostein Starrfelt, Lee Hsiang Liow
Jun 19, 2010·Journal of Anatomy·Brandon M Kilbourne, Peter J Makovicky
Jan 27, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Graeme T LloydStephen L Brusatte
Sep 12, 2009·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Andrew R Solow, Woollcott K Smith
Mar 21, 2012·IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics·Ruchi ChaudharyDavid Fernández-Baca
Aug 12, 2015·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Viviana D BarredaFélix Forest
Jun 23, 2015·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Collin S VanBurenDavid C Evans
Jul 30, 2014·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Stephen L BrusatteThomas E Williamson
Sep 2, 2015·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Wasiu A AkanniDavide Pisani
Sep 12, 2015·Royal Society Open Science·Wasiu A AkanniDavide Pisani
Jun 13, 2015·Royal Society Open Science·Mario BronzatiMax C Langer
Apr 20, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Manabu SakamotoChris Venditti
May 5, 2009·Current Biology : CB·Michael J Benton
Jan 25, 2014·Current Biology : CB·Michael J BentonMax C Langer
Jan 16, 2015·ZooKeys·Thomas E WilliamsonGregory P Wilson
Jun 3, 2016·Scientific Reports·Wei WangZhi-Duan Chen
May 8, 2016·Systematic Biology·Anne O'Connor, Matthew A Wills
Jul 22, 2016·PloS One·John P WilsonChris L Organ
Oct 27, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Bruno MichelFabien L Condamine
Nov 3, 2016·PLoS Biology·Michael J Benton
Mar 26, 2011·Anais Da Academia Brasileira De Ciências·Jonathas S Bittencourt, Max C Langer
Mar 26, 2011·Anais Da Academia Brasileira De Ciências·Orlando N Grillo, Sergio A K Azevedo
Mar 23, 2017·Scientific Reports·David M Grossnickle
Jul 15, 2016·Scientific Reports·Edward StricksonThomas L Stubbs
May 3, 2012·Nature Communications·Stephen L BrusatteMark A Norell
Feb 22, 2017·Paleobiology·Jamie A MacLarenEmily J Rayfield
Aug 11, 2018·Nature Communications·Daran ZhengBo Wang
May 5, 2018·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Leyla J SeyfullahAlexander R Schmidt
Apr 14, 2020·The New Phytologist·Alexander R SchmidtLeyla J Seyfullah
Jun 14, 2019·Data in Brief·Kevin R BurgioMichael R Willig
Jan 21, 2021·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Yan-Da LiChenyang Cai
Jan 5, 2021·Royal Society Open Science·Joseph A BonsorNatalie Cooper
Mar 20, 2018·Biomaterials·Yong Wang

Related Concepts

History, Ancient
Extinction, Species
Cell Growth
Biological Evolution
Midbrain Structure

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.