PMID: 10195454Apr 9, 1999

Dipeptide derivative synthesis catalyzed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase

The Journal of Peptide Research : Official Journal of the American Peptide Society
S RivalJ M Wallach

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase was used to synthesize various N-protected dipeptide amides. The identity of the products was confirmed by FAB(+)-MS. After recrystallization, the yield of their synthesis was calculated, their purity was checked by RP-HPLC and their melting point was measured. With regard to the hydrolysis, it is well-established that the enzyme prefers hydrophobic amino acids in P'1 position and it has a wide specificity for the P1 position. This specificity was demonstrated to be quite unchanged when comparing the initial rates of peptide bond formation between different carboxyl donors (Z-aa) and nucleophiles (aa-NH2). The elastase, but not the thermolysin, was notably able to incorporate tyrosine and tryptophan in P'1 position. Furthermore, synthesis initial rates were at least 100 times faster with the elastase. To overcome the problematic condensation of some amino acids during chemical peptide synthesis, it has been previously suggested that enzymatic steps can combine with a chemical strategy. We demonstrated that the elastase readily synthesizes dipeptide derivatives containing various usual N-protecting groups. It was especially able to condense phenylalaninamide to Fmoc- and Boc-alanine. Increasing in...Continue Reading

References

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Related Concepts

Catalysis
Polymorphism, Crystallization
Dipeptides
Elastase I
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Thermolysin

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