Dipole source analysis suggests selective modulation of the supplementary motor area contribution to the readiness potential

Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
P PraamstraA R Cools

Abstract

The readiness potential preceding voluntary movement is modulated by the mode of movement selection, i.e. it has a higher amplitude preceding freely selected than before prescribed movements (Praamstra, P., Stegeman, D.F., Horstink, M.W.I.M., Brunia, C.H.M. and Cools, A.R. Movement-related potentials preceding voluntary movement are modulated by the mode of movement selection. Exp. Brain Res., 1995, 103: 429-439). One cortical area that is likely to be involved in this modulation is the supplementary motor area (SMA). Recent attempts to elucidate the neural generators of the readiness potential using spatiotemporal dipole source analysis, however, failed to establish a significant SMA contribution to the readiness potential. This might be explained by a failure of the proposed analyses to discriminate between SMA and motor cortex contributions to the readiness potential. We applied a dipole source analysis approach that better separates these overlapping source activities. The resulting source model includes an SMA source generating pre-movement activity consistent with evidence from intracranial recordings in humans. The SMA source accounts almost completely for the modulation of the readiness potential by different modes of m...Continue Reading

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