Diprenorphine as a stimulus in drug discrimination learning

Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
S T Smurthwaite, A L Riley

Abstract

Using the conditioned taste aversion baseline of drug discrimination learning, animals were trained to discriminate diprenorphine from distilled water. In subsequent generalization tests, the opiate antagonists naltrexone and naloxone and the mixed opiate agonist/antagonist nalorphine substituted for the diprenorphine stimulus in a dose-dependent manner, while the opiate agonist morphine and the nonopiate pentobarbital failed to substitute even at the highest doses tested. That a range of opiate antagonists substituted for the diprenorphine stimulus (and an opiate agonist and a nonopiate failed to substitute) suggest that diprenorphine's antagonist properties may mediate the discrimination, presumably by blocking endogenous opiate activity. The ability of these drugs to substitute for the diprenorphine stimulus may also be a function of this receptor activity. The differences in the specific generalization patterns reported in the present assessment and those of earlier reports were discussed.

References

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Citations

Nov 1, 1993·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·S Pournaghash, A L Riley
Jul 1, 1994·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·S T Smurthwaite, A L Riley
Nov 1, 1993·Peptides·G A OlsonA J Kastin

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Chloride Ion Level
Conditioning (Psychology)
Revivon
Discrimination Learning
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Generalization (Psychology)
Lithium
Morphine Sulfate (2: 1), Pentahydrate
Nalorphine, L-tartrate (1: 1)

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