Oct 28, 2015

Discovery and characterization of Alu repeat sequences via precise local read assembly

Nucleic Acids Research
Julia H WildschutteJeffrey M Kidd

Abstract

Alu insertions have contributed to >11% of the human genome and ∼30-35 Alu subfamilies remain actively mobile, yet the characterization of polymorphic Alu insertions from short-read data remains a challenge. We build on existing computational methods to combine Alu detection and de novo assembly of WGS data as a means to reconstruct the full sequence of insertion events from Illumina paired end reads. Comparison with published calls obtained using PacBio long-reads indicates a false discovery rate below 5%, at the cost of reduced sensitivity due to the colocation of reference and non-reference repeats. We generate a highly accurate call set of 1614 completely assembled Alu variants from 53 samples from the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP) panel. We utilize the reconstructed alternative insertion haplotypes to genotype 1010 fully assembled insertions, obtaining >99% agreement with genotypes obtained by PCR. In our assembled sequences, we find evidence of premature insertion mechanisms and observe 5' truncation in 16% of AluYa5 and AluYb8 insertions. The sites of truncation coincide with stem-loop structures and SRP9/14 binding sites in the Alu RNA, implicating L1 ORF2p pausing in the generation of 5' truncations. Additional...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Genome
SRP9
SRP9 gene
Chromosome Breakpoint Sequence
Site
Genomics
Sequence Determinations, DNA
Alu Elements
Alu-Like Repetitive Sequence

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