Discrepancies between self- and parent-perceptions of autistic traits and empathy in high functioning children and adolescents on the autism spectrum

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Shannon A JohnsonRobin R Murphy

Abstract

Self-perception in high-functioning children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) was examined by comparing parent- and self-reports on the Autism Spectrum, Empathy, and Systemizing Quotients (AQ, EQ and SQ). Participants were 20 youths with ASD and 22 typically developing controls. Both parents and participants in the ASD group reported more autistic traits (higher AQ) and less empathy (lower EQ) than the control group. SQ ratings did not differ between groups. Comparisons of self- and parent-reports indicated that youths with ASD reported significantly fewer autistic traits and more empathic features than their parents attributed to them. There were no discrepancies between parent- and self-reports in the control group. Implications regarding the use of self-report in ASD are discussed.

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Related Concepts

Compassion
Awareness
Autistic Disorder
Self-Perception
Teens
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Step-parent
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
Self-Report
Questionnaire Design

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