Discrimination of ovarian steroids by rats

Physiology & Behavior
B B GorzalkaL A Hanson


Rats' ability to discriminate their hormonal states was examined by observing the effects of ovarian steroids on state-dependent learning using a drug discrimination task. A rat's entry into the correct arm (left or right) of a Y-maze terminated mild foot shock. The arm designated as correct was alternated daily, but was consistently paired with a pretrial injection of hormone or vehicle. In Experiment 1, ovariectomized rats successfully discriminated pretreatment with 4.0 or 8.0 mg/kg progesterone vs. the oil vehicle but not 2.0 or 0.5 mg/kg progesterone vs. oil, or the daily alternation schedule alone (oil vs. oil). In Experiment 2a, ovariectomized rats correctly discriminated pretreatment with progesterone (4 mg/kg) vs. oil or dihydroprogesterone (4 mg/kg) vs. oil, and the results of Experiment 2b, appear consistent with the possibility that the rats discriminated pretreatment with progesterone vs. dihydroprogesterone. In Experiment 3a, ovariectomized rats discriminated on the basis of progesterone (4.0 mg/kg) vs. oil, estrogen (6.4 micrograms/kg estradiol benzoate) vs. oil, and estrogen vs. progesterone. In Experiment 3b, the rats were adrenalectomized, and the procedure from Experiment 3a repeated. The removal of the adren...Continue Reading


Jul 28, 1976·Psychopharmacology·T U JärbeB G Henriksson
Apr 1, 1977·Hormones and Behavior·P Gray
Sep 1, 1976·Biology of Reproduction·R D Peppler, J J Jacobs
Nov 1, 1987·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·R.P.W. HeinsbroekN.E. van De Poll
Dec 23, 1967·Nature·J StewartE Kaczender
Jun 1, 1974·Hormones and Behavior·R E Whalen
Sep 1, 1981·Behavioral and Neural Biology·D L EbnerD C Riccio
Sep 14, 1993·European Journal of Pharmacology·N A AtorR R Griffiths
Jun 1, 1965·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·S LEVINE, L E JONES


Oct 9, 1999·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·R De Beun
Oct 1, 2009·Future Medicinal Chemistry·C A Frye

Related Concepts

Avoidance Learning
Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Bilateral Oophorectomy
Progesterone, (17 alpha)-Isomer
Gonadal Steroid Hormones

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.