PMID: 21756010Jul 16, 2011

Disease management programs in type 2 diabetes: quality of care

The American Journal of Managed Care
Heiner K BertholdIoanna Gouni-Berthold

Abstract

To determine whether disease management programs (DMPs) for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can improve some processes of care and intermediate outcomes. Two cross-sectional registries of patients with T2DM were used for data extraction before (previous cohort) and after (recent cohort) introduction of DMPs in Germany (N = 78,110). In the recent cohort, 15,293 patients were treated within the DMPs and 9791 were not. Processes of care, medications, and intermediate outcomes (achievement of treatment targets for low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol, blood pressure, and glycosylated hemoglobin [A1C]) were analyzed using multi- variable, multilevel logistic regression, adjusting for patient case-mix and physician-level clustering to derive odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Availability of structured diabetes education and of lipid, blood pressure, and A1C measurements increased over time. In DMP patients, availability was significantly higher for blood pressure and A1C but not for lipid measurements. Prescription of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, oral antidiabetic drugs, and insulin increased over time and was more common in DMP patients. Statin prescription increased over time but was not influenced b...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cardiovascular Diseases
Prevalence Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)
Outpatients
Patient Education
Quality of Health Care
Cigar smoker
Comorbidity
Body Mass Index Procedure

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