Disinfectant Resistance Profiles and Biofilm Formation Capacity of Escherichia coli Isolated from Retail Chicken

Microbial Drug Resistance : MDR : Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Yi SunXiaodong Xia

Abstract

Disinfectant resistance and biofilm formation capacity are two important characteristics that contribute to the persistence of microorganisms in food processing environments and contamination of food products. This study investigated the susceptibility of 510 Escherichia coli isolates against 5 disinfectants and the prevalence of 10 disinfectant-resistant genes in these isolates. The biofilm formation capacity of 194 isolates was determined, and the correlation between disinfectant resistance and biofilm formation was analyzed. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), benzalkonium chloride (BC), cetylpyridinium chloride, and chlorhexidine (CHX) against isolates were 32-512, 16-256, 32-256, and 2-32 mg/L, respectively. The MICs of triclosan against 88.43% of isolates were 8-1,024 mg/L, while the MICs for the rest of isolates exceed 2,048 mg/L. The presence of ydgE, ydgF, and qacF genes was significantly correlated with the CHX resistance of E. coli isolates, while the presence of qacF and qacEΔ1 genes was significantly correlated with CTAB and BC resistance, respectively. The biofilm formation capacity (adjusted optical density value) was positively correlated with BC resistance (r =...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 10, 2020·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Xiaojun MaoFabian Cieplik
Oct 4, 2020·Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control·Weiliang ZengJianming Cao
Jun 12, 2021·Brazilian Journal of Microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]·Katarzyna ĆwiekAlina Wieliczko

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
PCR

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