PMID: 5904988Jan 1, 1966

Disinfection of heat-sensitive material by low-temperature steam and formaldehyde

Journal of Clinical Pathology
V G AlderW A Gillespie


Steam under subatmospheric pressure at temperatures below 90 degrees C. rapidly killed nonsporing organisms after air had been removed by a high-vacuum pump. Most bacterial spores were killed but small proportions of the populations were very resistant. The destruction of spores was not logarithmic. The addition of formaldehyde vapour to the steam greatly increased its sterilizing power, with deep penetration into fabrics and destruction of spores. Penetration into wide tubes was good, but was poor in narrow tubes. Most fabrics, plastics, and instruments were unharmed. Low-temperature steam with formaldehyde is probably as efficient a sterilizing agent as ethylene oxide.


Sep 1, 1961·Journal of Clinical Pathology·V G Alder, W A Gillespie
Nov 1, 1963·Journal of Clinical Pathology·J C Kelsey


Apr 1, 1967·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·J C Kelsey
Dec 1, 1971·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·V G AlderA J Swann
Oct 1, 1975·British Journal of Urology·J P Mitchell, V G Alder
Jul 1, 1969·Journal of Clinical Pathology·A M Gordon
Sep 1, 1973·Journal of Clinical Pathology·S J Line, J K Pickerill
Dec 9, 1993·Clinical Materials·I P MatthewsA H Samuel
Sep 16, 1991·The American Journal of Medicine·B Nyström
Feb 1, 1988·The Journal of Hospital Infection·J R Babb
Sep 1, 1983·The Journal of Hospital Infection·R G Robertshaw
Mar 1, 1987·The Journal of Hospital Infection·V G Alder
Jan 1, 1971·Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica·L E Lanyon
Jan 1, 1970·Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica·L E Lanyon, R N Smith

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