PMID: 350555May 1, 1978Paper

Disopyramide: a review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic use in treating cardiac arrhythmias

Drugs
R C HeelG S Avery

Abstract

Disopyramide is a new antiarrhythmic drug with a pharmacological profile of action similar to that of quinidine and procainamide. In a few controlled therapeutic trails and a large number of uncontrolled studies in patients with arrhythmias, often following a myocardial infarction, disopyramide has been relatively effective (more so in ventricular than in atrial arrhythmias) and usually well tolerated. In treating premature atrial and ventricular contractions, the best-studied area of its therapeutic use, disopyramide was superior to a placebo and of similar efficacy to but better tolerated than quinidine; the drop-out rate due to adverse effects of the disopyramide group (10%) being less than one-third that of the quinidine group (36%). In an open ward setting, disopyramide used prophylactically after myocardial infarction appeared to reduce both the incidence of reinfarction and the mortality rate, while in patients treated in coronary care units although the incidence of reinfarction was lower with disopyramide than with a placebo, the mortality rate was not significantly different. Further well-designed trials with adequate numbers of patients are needed before the routine use of disopyramide in infarct patients treated in ...Continue Reading

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