PMID: 10611144Dec 28, 1999

Disposition of irbesartan, an angiotensin II AT1-receptor antagonist, in mice, rats, rabbits, and macaques

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
H DaviY Berger


Metabolism and disposition of irbesartan, an angiotensin II AT(1) receptor antagonist, were investigated in mice, rats, rabbits, and macaques. In both rats and macaques, irbesartan was characterized by a rapid oral absorption, a large volume of distribution, a low plasma clearance, and a long terminal half-life. The oral bioavailability in macaques was notably higher than in rats. Irbesartan was highly protein bound in rats and macaques. A lower binding rate was found in mice and rabbits. In distribution studies performed in rats, mice, and rabbits, irbesartan was rapidly distributed into most organs and tissues including brain, intrauterine area, and milk. No retention of radioactivity in tissues other than liver and kidney was noted. Irbesartan was the main circulating compound in rats, rabbits, and macaques representing a maximum of 67, 68, and 80% of plasma radioactivity, respectively. The drug was metabolized mainly by glucuronidation (primarily on the tetrazole ring), hydroxylation, and additional oxidation. The overall pathways within the different species generated 18 metabolites identified from bile, urine, and feces samples. Irbesartan did not significantly induce or inhibit most of the isoenzymes commonly associated ...Continue Reading

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