Jul 29, 2009

Disruption of glutamate receptors at Shank-postsynaptic platform in Alzheimer's disease

Brain Research
Yuesong GongAndrea L Rosso

Abstract

Synaptic loss underlies the memory deficit of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The molecular mechanism is elusive; however, excitatory synapses organized by the postsynaptic density (PSD) have been used as targets for AD treatment. To identify pathological entities at the synapse in AD, synaptic proteins were screened by quantitative proteomic profiling. The critical proteins were then selected for immunoblot analysis. The glutamate receptors N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor 1 and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor 2 (GluR2) were substantially lost; specifically, the loss of GluR2 was up to 40% at PSD in AD. Shank proteins, the organizers of these glutamate receptors at excitatory synapses, were dramatically altered in AD. The level of Shank2 was increased, whereas the protein level of Shank3 was decreased. Further, the Shank3 protein was modified by ubiquitin, indicating that abnormal activity of the ubiquitin-proteasome system may lead to Shank3 degradation in AD. Our findings suggest that disruption of glutamate receptors at the Shank-postsynaptic platform could contribute to destruction of the PSD which underlies the synaptic dysfunction and loss in AD.

  • References33
  • Citations30

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD)
Proteasome Pathway
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
APP protein, human
alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Ubiquitin
Autopsy
SHANK3 gene

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