Apr 3, 2020

Reagentless Biomolecular Analysis Using a Nanoscale Molecular Pendulum

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
J. DasShana Kelley

Abstract

The ability to sense biological inputs using self-contained devices unreliant on external reagents or reporters would open countless opportunities to collect information about our health and environment. Currently, a very limited set of molecular inputs can be detected using this type of sensor format. The development of versatile reagentless sensors that could track molecular analytes in biological fluids remains an unmet need. Here, we describe a new universal sensing mechanism that is compatible with the analysis of proteins that are important physiological markers of stress, allergy, cardiovascular health, inflammation and cancer. The sensing mechanism we developed is based on the measurement of field-induced directional diffusion of a nanoscale molecular pendulum tethered to an electrode surface and the sensitivity of electron-transfer reaction kinetics to molecular size. Using time-resolved electrochemical measurements of diffusional motion, the presence of an analyte bound to a sensor complex can be continuously tracked in real time. We show that this sensing approach is compatible with making measurements in blood, saliva, urine, tears and sweat and that the sensors can collect data in situ in living animals. The sensor...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Genome
Genomics
Epidemiologic Studies
Tissue Dissection
Bnk protein, Drosophila
Simulation
Epidemiology
Analysis
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

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