DOI: 10.1101/512947Jan 7, 2019Paper

Dissociating orexin-dependent and -independent functions of orexin neurons using novel orexin-Flp knock-in mice

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Srikanta ChowdhuryAkihiro Yamanaka

Abstract

Uninterrupted arousal is important for survival during threatening situations. Activation of orexin/hypocretin neurons is implicated in sustained arousal. However, orexin neurons produce and release orexin as well as several co-transmitters including dynorphin and glutamate. Thus, it is important to disambiguate orexin peptide-dependent and -independent physiological functions of orexin neurons. To attain this, we generated a novel orexin-flippase (Flp) knock-in (KI) mouse line. Crossing with Flp-reporter or Cre-expressing mice showed gene expression exclusively in orexin neurons. Histological studies confirmed that orexin was completely knock-out (KO) in KI/KI homozygous mice. Orexin neurons without orexin showed altered electrophysiological properties, as well as received decreased glutamatergic inputs. Selective chemogenetic activation revealed that both orexin and co-transmitters functioned to increase wakefulness, however, orexin was indispensable to promote sustained arousal. Surprisingly, activation of orexin neurons without orexin caused a significant increase in the total time spent in cataplexy. Taken together, orexin is essential to maintain basic membrane properties and input-output computation of orexin neurons, as...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aptitude
Arousal
Cataplexy
Dynorphins
Gene Expression
Laboratory mice
Neurons
Neurotransmitters
Wakefulness
Glutamate

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