PMID: 24262Nov 1, 1977

Dissolution and uptake of cadmium from dental gold solder alloy implants

Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research
B BergmanR Söremark

Abstract

Pure metallic cadmium was irradiated by means of thermal neutrons. The irradiated cadmium (115Cd) was placed in bags of gold foil and the bags were implanted subcutaneously in the neck region of mice. Two and 3d respectively after implantation the mice were killed, the bags removed and the animals subjected to whole-body autoradiography. The autoradiograms revealed an uptake of 115Cd in liver and kidney. In another experiment specimens of a cadmium-containing dental gold solder alloy, a cadmium-free dental casting gold alloy and soldered assemblies made of these two alloys were implanted subcutaneously in the neck region of mice. The animals were killed after 6 months; cadmium analysis showed significant increases in the cadmium concentration in liver and kidney of those mice which had been given implants of gold solder alloy. The study clearly shows that due to electrochemical corrosion cadmium can be released from implants and accumulated in the kidneys and the liver.

References

Jan 1, 1975·Acta Odontologica Scandinavica·M Bergman, O Ginstrup
May 1, 1975·Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research·B Rossow, R Koppang
Jan 1, 1973·Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research·B Rossow, R Koppang
Jan 1, 1974·Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences·J Friberg, O Nilsson
Apr 1, 1971·Environmental Research·D F FlickJ M Dimitroff
Oct 17, 1966·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·R E Carroll
Mar 1, 1967·Circulation·H A Schroeder

Citations

Oct 1, 1988·Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials·E AngeliniM Pezzoli
Mar 1, 1980·Journal of Psycholinguistic Research·S T Teodorsson

Related Concepts

Autoradiography
Cadmium
Gold Alloys
Kidney
Liver
Radioisotopes
Dental Soldering

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