DOI: 10.1101/465955Nov 8, 2018Paper

Distance-based Protein Folding Powered by Deep Learning

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jinbo Xu

Abstract

Direct coupling analysis (DCA) for protein folding has made very good progress, but it is not effective for proteins that lack many sequence homologs, even coupled with time-consuming folding simulation. We show that we can accurately predict the distance matrix of a protein by deep learning, even for proteins with ~60 sequence homologs. Using only the geometric constraints given by the resulting distance matrix we may construct 3D models without involving any folding simulation. Our method successfully folded 21 of the 37 CASP12 hard targets with a median family size of 58 effective sequence homologs within 4 hours on a Linux computer of 20 CPUs. In contrast, DCA cannot fold any of these hard targets in the absence of folding simulation, and the best CASP12 group folded only 11 of them by integrating DCA-predicted contacts into complex, fragment-based folding simulation. Rigorous experimental validation in CASP13 shows that our distance-based folding server successfully folded 17 of 32 hard targets (with a median family size of 36 sequence homologs) and obtained 70% precision on top L/5 long-range predicted contacts. Latest experimental validation in CAMEO shows that our server predicted correct fold for two membrane proteins ...Continue Reading

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